Malawi is a landlocked country in southeastern Africa, bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast and Mozambique to the south, southwest and southeast. The Great Rift Valley runs through the country from north to south, and to the east of the valley lies Lake Malawi (also called Lake Nyasa), making up over three-quarters of Malawi’s eastern boundary.
In the mountainous sections of Malawi surrounding the Rift Valley, plateaus rise generally up to 1.200 m above sea level, Mulanje mountain – the highest in southern Africa – rises to respective heights of 3,048 m.
Malawi’s capital is Lilongwe, and its commercial center is Blantyre with a population of over 500,000 people. It is among the world’s least-developed countries. The economy is heavily based in agriculture. Main agricultural products include tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea and maize.
Thuma Forest Reserve covers an area of roughly 19.700 ha (197 km2) in the Great Rift Valley Escarpment near Lake Malawi, approximately 80 km from Malawi’s capital Lilongwe and is one of a few forest reserves in Malawi which is still home to elephant and buffalo. Other game include greater kudu, bushbuck, Sharpe’s grysbok, common duiker, klipspringer, baboon, vervet monkey, bushbaby, leopard, spotted hyena, genet, African civet, honey badger, warthog, bushpig, porcupine and many other smaller species.